*LBN-MUSIC INSIDER: ***50 Cent’s bankruptcy case has ended, with a judge signing off on a deal that finds the rapper (real name Curtis Jackson) paying out $23 million to his creditors over the next five years.
*LBN-NOTICED: ***Teresa Giudice at Antica Pesa in Williamsburg in NYC. ***Peyton Manning at Il Gattopardo in NYC. ***Spice Girl Mel B keeping in shape at Las Vegas spin studio XCycle. ***Taryn Manning at the Lindeman restaurant in NYC. ***Fergie performing at No. 8 in NYC. ***Martha Stewart,Tony Ingrao and Randy Kemper at the LongHouse Reserve benefit. ***Social media expert Brooke Taylor having lunch with her daughter Isabella at Izzy’s Deli in Santa Monica.
- The word “diabetes” is Greek for “siphon,” which refers to the copious urine of uncontrolled diabetes. “Mellitus” is Latin for “honey” or “sweet,” a name added when physicians discovered that the urine from people with diabetes is sweet with glucose.h
- Scientists predict that there may be 30 million new cases of diabetes in China alone by 2025.a
- The earliest recorded mention of a disease that can be recognized as diabetes is found in the Ebers papyrus (1500 B.C.), which includes directions for several mixtures that could “remove the urine, which runs too often.”a
- The name “diabetes” is attributed to the famed Greek physician Aretaeus of Cappadocia who practiced in the first century A.D. He believed that diabetes was caused by snakebite.a
- William Cullen (1710-1790), a professor of chemistry and medicine in Scotland, is responsible for adding the term “mellitus” (“sweet” or “honey-like”) to the word diabetes.a
- In 1889, Oskar Minkowski (1858-191931) discovered the link between diabetes and the pancreas (pan – “all” + kreas – “flesh) when a dog from which he removed the pancreas developed diabetes.a
- Insulin was coined from the Latin insula (“island”) because the hormone is secreted by the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.i
- Before the discovery of insulin, surgeons rarely operated on diabetic patients with gangrene because the patients typically would not heal and would inevitably die. On occasion, an area of gangrene would “auto-amputate,” meaning it would dry up and fall off.a
- Before the discovery of insulin in 1921, physicians would often put their patients on starvation or semi-starvation diets, recommending they eat only foods such as oatmeal.a
- Approximately 90% of people with Type 2 diabetes are obese.c
“We face an endless string of choices, which leads us to feel anxiety, guilt and pangs of inadequacy that we are perhaps making the wrong ones. But philosopher Renata Salecl asks: Could individual choices be distracting us from something bigger – our power as social thinkers? A bold call for us to stop taking personal choice so seriously and focus on the choices we’re making collectively.”
*LBN-COMMENTARY by David Brooks: Western society is built on the assumption that people are fundamentally selfish. Machiavelliand Hobbes gave us influential philosophies built on human selfishness. Sigmund Freud gave us a psychology of selfishness. Children, he wrote, “are completely egoistic; they feel their needs intensely and strive ruthlessly to satisfy them.” Classical economics adopts a model that says people are primarily driven by material self-interest. Political science assumes that people are driven to maximize their power. But this worldview is clearly wrong. In real life, the push of selfishness is matched by the pull of empathy and altruism. This is not Hallmark card sentimentalism but scientific fact: As babies our neural connections are built by love and care. We have evolved to be really good at cooperation and empathy. We are strongly motivated to teach and help others. As Matthieu Ricardnotes in his rigorous book “Altruism,” if an 18-month-old sees a man drop a clothespin she will move to pick it up and hand it back to him within five seconds, about the same amount of time it takes an adult to offer assistance. If you reward a baby with a gift for being kind, the propensity to help will decrease, in some studies by up to 40 percent.
LBN E-Lert Edited By Addison Beaulieu
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